Obesity is a medical condition where excess body fat in your body can trigger adverse
It often starts with being overweight and falling above a BMI (Body Mass Index) of
25. Obesity is generally indicated with a BMI of 30. The condition is common to both
sexes who take in high calorie diet supported by a sedentary lifestyle as well as
A slow metabolic rate makes ingested fat stored in the adipose tissues instead of
getting broken down. Metabolism tends to slacken with age. People with endocrine
disorders and those taking steroid-based medication are also prone to obesity.
The main treatment of obesity is exercise and a reduced calorie intake. You can hasten
the dieting process with prescriptive or over-the-counter diet pills and supplements.
In worst cases, surgery may be needed to reduce stomach size and increase satiation
and reduce fat absorption of ingested foods. But whichever way you choose, obesity
needs early solution to prevent any of the following disorders from complicating
Risks of Being Obese
Hyperextension or high blood pressure is the most common ailment associated with
obesity as arterial and venal interior walls get lined with fatty tissues to constrict
blood flow. This increases the chance that blood circulatory problems could lead
to cardiovascular diseases like valve damage and myocardial infarction which are
not uncommon in patients with obese conditions.
Dyslipidemia (high LDL cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol, or high levels of triglycerides)
Dyslimpermia is a metabolic disorder that involves overproduction or deficiency of
lipoproteins. It’s manifested as an elevation of total cholesterol levels in the
blood with a higher level of “bad” LDL cholesterol and triglycerides and lower “good”
HDL cholesterol. It may be caused genetically but are often traced to a poor high
fat diet and a sedentary lifestyle. There are no symptoms and can lead to symptomatic
cardiovascular diseases like coronary artery disease and peripheral arterial disease.
Cholesterol levels in the blood can only be detected with the right blood tests in
your regular medical check-up.
Type 2 Diabetes
This is the most common form of diabetes which is a non-insulin type diabetes mellitus
or adult onset diabetes. It is a disorder that comes with high blood glucose and
can be managed by increased exercise and dietary changes. Of the nearly 24 million
people with diabetes in the US, about 80% have type 2 diabetes.
Coronary Heart Disease
This is coronary circulation failure that most commonly affects the heart of about
14 million men and women in the US. It is also called as coronary artery disease
which can happen when fatty deposits, calcium or plaque accumulates in the arteries
that supply blood to the heart.
These deposits constrict the flow so that the heart pumps harder and can initially
cause chest pains or angina. If the arterial narrowing blocks the flow, you get a
heart attack or myocardial infarction or a fatal rhythm disturbance often referred
to as a cardiac arrest.
Stroke, Gallbladder Disease
A stroke medically called an acute cerebrovascular attack results when blood supply
to the brain is disrupted due to thrombosis, embolism or hemorrhage. It can cause
mild to severe permanent neurological damage and even death. It is the main cause
of disability in the US and Europe and the second cause of death worldwide. There
are risk factors leading to a stroke and they include diabetes, high cholesterol,
arterial fibrillation and hypertension as the most common but preventable risk.
High cholesterol intake can also trigger some forms of gall bladder diseases like
gallstones which are crystals formed by excess cholesterol. There is increased risk
with people who are obese and those with high levels of cholesterol in the blood.
The condition is also referred to as degenerative arthritis which involves degradation
of joints that occur more commonly with advancing age and afflict mostly the joints
in the fingers. There are many causes like mechanical stress and misalignments of
the bones due to congenital or pathogenic causes as well as overweight problems that
put undue pressures on these joints. Treating Osteoarthritis require exercise, manual
therapy and lifestyle changes while medication is often used to alleviate pain.
Sleep Apnea And Respiratory Problems
This is sleep disorder that involves long pauses in breathing during sleep and could
lead to breathing misses. Patients with sleep apnea rarely notice this but is more
a problem to bed partners witnessing episodic breathing patterns.The risk of getting
this is proportionate with increased body weight, age, smoking and diabetic condition.
Related to sleep apnea’s breathing disorders are respiratory problems like shortness
of breach, chest discomfort, wheezing and coughing which are often symptoms of a
more serious medical problem, regardless of age. The more severe breathing problems
can be caused by chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, pneumonia, heart diseases
as well as cancer. It is likewise noted that overweight individuals face a higher
risk of breathing problems.
Cancers (endometrial, breast, and colon)
Cancer of the endometrium is the most common gynecological cancer in the US afflicting
around 35,000 women with a high probability of death. The endometrium is the lining
of the uterus and endometrial cancer may be referred to as uterine cancer though
other types of uterine cancer can develop from other parts or tissues of the uterus.
Many factors could lead to this, mostly due to high levels of estrogen, diabetes,
hypertension, high intake of animal fat and obesity.
Over the last few years, research studies have linked some other forms of cancer,
like breast and colon cancers with dietary habits. The risks increase with a high
fat diet, obesity and alcohol intake.